An amazing RotaractMUN – Global Model United Nations – special edition organized by Rotaract Club of Delhi Technological University is ready meet it’s delegates and guests from 20 to 22 of April in New Delhi, India.
If you want to know more details about guests, we have 2 guest speakers that you must meet:
Ambassador Dr Deepak Vohra is an Indian diplomat, who serves as the Special Advisor to the Prime Minister of India, Kingdom of Lesotho, and Guinea-Bissau. He has studied at the most prestigious Universities in India and overseas, including St Stephen’s College, National Defence College and Sorbonne University, Paris, and has always exhibited an exemplary academic record. Graduating first in his batch in the Indian Foreign Service class of 1973, Mr Vohra was India’s senior-most Ambassador.
He has served in France, Vietnam, Tunisia, United States, Nigeria, Cameroon, Benin, Chad, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Spain, Armenia, Georgia, Sudan, Poland and Lithuania. He was also an Officer on Special Duty to the Technology Adviser to the Prime Minister of India.
Ambassador Vohra spent four years with Sulabh International, the world’s largest NGO dealing with sanitation and is the author of best-selling books. He is the only Indian official with experience in the academic, Governmental and NGO sectors, and has specialized in developmental issues for emerging nations. Sudan gave him its highest civilian honour and in 2006, he was made Prince of an African tribe.
Not many know that when Indian oil workers were kidnapped in Sudan in 2007, Mr Vohra, then the Ambassador of India to Sudan, offered himself in exchange for the hostages.
He is on the boards of universities and companies in India and lectures regularly to national and international audiences on “Global Megatrends” and “Effective Communication”. His insights, based on cold empirical evidence, are much appreciated. Adding to an already impressive portfolio, Ambassador Vohra speaks French, Spanish, Vietnamese, Arabic, Bahasa Melayu, Hausa, Motu and Armenian fluently.
Shastri Ramachandaran is an author, independent journalist – editor, writer, columnist – and editorial & publications consultant working for media in India, China and Europe for over 30 years. Among other positions, he is Consulting Editor, Indian Council of World Affairs, Sapru House, New Delhi; member of the Editorial Board of IDN-InDepthNews and INPS-International Press Syndicate, Berlin; and, Contributing Editor, The Citizen (India’s first independent online daily).
Besides leading media in India, he contributes to frontline media such as China.org and CGTN in China; and, IPS, IDN and INPS in Europe.
As a journalist reporting and writing on national, regional and international affairs, he has worked in diverse capacities from Reporter to Editor with 11 newspapers (mainly in India but also in China and Europe), and contributing to magazines, journals, radio, television, documentaries, global wire services and websites. His writings extend to English, Hindi, Marathi, Tamil, Bengali, German, Swedish, Danish, Chinese (and Taiwanese) and Nepali publications, radio and television.
Till recently, he was Senior Consultant and Editor of China-India Dialogue published by China International Publishing Group. Leading publications he has worked with include The Times of India, The Tribune and Indian Express (in India); China Daily, Global Times and (founder-editor) of China-India Dialogue in Beijing; Goteborg Post in Sweden; and, Dagbladet Information and Politiken in Denmark.
Author of books, monographs, papers and thousands of articles, Shastri is co-editor of the book State of Nepal; co-author of Media, Conflict and Peace, and (the monograph) Human Rights of Agricultural Labourers in Tamil Nadu. He was Head, Times Centre for Media Studies, and has lectured on writing, editing and publishing at journalism schools in India and Europe. (State of Nepal was a project for India-Nepal BP Koirala Foundation)
He worked on a study of the Sri Lankan peace process, which was supported by the India-Sri Lanka Foundation, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) and the UN University for Peace in Costa Rica.
He’s also associated with films and international film festivals having served as editor of festival catalogue for IFFI and on film selection and preview committees.
Over the decades he has been deeply engaged with issues of human rights, development, social justice, democracy and equality. From 2012-2013, he was Director of the National Centre for Advocacy Studies in Pune.
Invited as a ‘Global Personality’ to Denmark’s Images of the World-2000 Festival, he has received scholarships, fellowships and visitorships to Austria, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Sweden, USSR, the US and the UK. He has participated and made presentations in many professional media and cultural programmes, seminars and conferences, including as keynote speaker and resource person, in Asia, Europe and the US.
Find out more at http://rotaractmun.org and join us in New Delhi for the 2018 special Model United Nations edition.
From March 8-11, 2018, over 2,000 delegates will gather in New York City to participate in rigorous debates about critical issues facing people around the world. The FWWMUN will provide delegates the opportunity to explore issues the world united faces today. Together, the delegates will work to find realistic solutions. Delegates will have the opportunity to impact international development, peace, and security following four days of rigorous debate.
ModelUN is an incredible educational experience that helps to train future world leaders and introduce students to some of the world’s most pressing issues. In order to make this experience accessible to all students, we will be providing scholarships for the first 1500 students to confirm registration to attend the conference without any delegate. For students travelling to the conference from outside of the New York City area, a limited number of housing scholarships are also available on a first-come, first-served basis to cover hotel costs.
We are thrilled to be presenting this conference to you and look forward to seeing you in New York City!
Italian Diplomatic Academy
SimUnesCO (Simulation of UNESCO in Corfu) is the first simulation of UNESCO Committees organized in the Balkans. The conference takes place every August on the beautiful island of Corfu in Greece and aims at bringing together young people from all over the world and enhancing their knowledge about UNESCO (how it works,its values and aims). It provides a constructive debate on global issues and gives young people the opportunity to develop their communication and diplomatic skills, negotiate and propose innovative solutions.
Following adoption of the Alexandria Protocol in 1944, the Arab League was founded on 22 March 1945. It aimed to be a regional organisation of Arab states with a focus to developing the economy, resolving disputes and coordinating political aims. Other countries later joined the league. Each country was given one vote in the council. The first major action was the joint intervention, allegedly on behalf of the majority Arab population being uprooted as the state of Israel emerged in 1948 (and in response to popular protest in the Arab world), but a major participant in this intervention, Transjordan, had agreed with the Israelis to divide up the Arab Palestinian state proposed by the United Nations General Assembly, and Egypt intervened primarily to prevent its rival in Amman from accomplishing its objective. It was followed by the creation of a mutual defence treaty two years later. A common market was established in 1965.
Model Arab League, also known as MAL, is a multi-regional model competition in which high school and university students from across the world learn about and compete as representatives from Member States of the Arab League. Participants are encouraged to use the experience to hone their skills in public speaking and diplomacy, in addition to the primary goal of learning about the politics and history of the Arab world. In the United States, the competitions are administered by The National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations (NCUSAR). Outside the United States, the University of Peloponnese hosts the Corinth Model Arab League and the American University in Cairo hosts the Cairo International Model Arab League (CIMAL). In the UK, the longest running Model Arab League Conference in Europe UoBMAL(previously named EuroMAL) has been run by the University of Birmingham UN Society(a UNA Youth UK Branch) since 2004.
Councils and Topics
Model Arab League conferences are divided into councils that each focus on a specific area of Arab League policy. While the councils at CIMAL and other international MAL simulations tend to fluctuate, the central organization of the NCUSAR in the United States assures that most simulations within the US share common councils from year to year.
The NCUSAR-sponsored council list consists of eight councils, though not all of the councils are simulated at all models.
Joint Defense Council (JDC)
The Joint Defense Council primarily deals with matters of collective security within the Arab League. The JDC operates under the guidelines of the Treaty of Joint Defense and Economic Cooperation Between the States of the Arab League, June 17, 1950
Council on Palestinian Affairs
The Council on Palestinian Affairs is charged with evaluating and responding to the plethora of issues involving the Palestinian people and their interaction with their neighbors. As Palestine is a fully recognized Member State of the Arab League, the representative from Palestine has considerable influence in this council.
Council of Arab Social Affairs Ministers
This council deals primarily with social matters relating to the Arab world, such as human rights, refugees, etc.
Council on Political Affairs
The Council on Political Affairs focuses on matters related to political interactions between Member States of the Arab League and between the Arab League or certain Member States and states outside of the Arab League.
Council of Arab Environmental Affairs Ministers
This council is concerned with environmental conditions within and related to Member States of the Arab League. Issues such as water rights, agricultural chemicals, and long-term environmental sustainability are often discussed in this council.
Council of Arab Economics Affairs Ministers
The Council of Arab Economics Affairs Ministers focuses its efforts on ensuring the economic success of the Arab world. This council has historically focused on topics such as long-term economic stability, diversification away from primarily oil-based economies, and ensuring adequate employment opportunities for persons living in the Arab world.
The Special Summit was available in certain regional competitions, as well as the national competition in Washington, D.C., for the 2008 competition. This simulation is unique from the others in that instead of simply role-playing a diplomat from a Member State, individuals working in this Special Summit are actually asked to role-play a Head of state of a specific Arab League Member State. This leads to a unique experience for everyone involved in the Special Summit as they are the final authority on all policy matters for their respective state, and therefore must be careful of their announced decisions and negotiations in this body as they may impact all of the delegates from the same Member State assigned to the other councils. RotaractMUN Model Arab League MAL
Special Summit of Arab Ministers of Justice
This Special Summit will replace the Special Summit of Arab Heads of State in certain regional competitions and the national competition in Washington, D.C., for the 2009 competition. This simulation would be more accurately called “Special Summit of Arab Ministers of Social Justice;” delegates representing member nations are asked to debate policies as diverse as human rights, freedom of information, intellectual property rights, the International Criminal Court, etc.
Arab Court of Justice (ACJ)
The Arab Court of Justice is an idealized body that does not actually have a counterpart in the Arab League. The ACJ is simulated at Model Arab League conferences in order to demonstrate the potential effectiveness of such an entity to the Arab League. The ACJ typically deals with controversial matters within the Arab world and attempts to provide solutions for these problems. Court cases have historically ranged from refugee and employment disputes to questions of resource allocation and territorial disputes, particularly with regard to Western Sahara. Much of how the ACJ functions is modeled after the International Court of Justice.
The annual session of the General Assembly opens every year on the third Tuesday of September and runs for a year. The work of the GA follows a cycle of debate, negotiation, decision, implementation and reporting. Model UN simulations focus exclusively on the first three phases of the cycle.
There are three general components to the decision-making process that are crucial for anyone participating in a Model UN simulation to understand: debating, negotiating, and taking action. This section will provide an overview of these three components and highlight what aspects are important to include in Model UN simulations. In addition, it will highlight what gets lost in most MUN simulations when the implementation phase is neglected.
Setting the GA agenda
At the beginning of each new session of the General Assembly, the GA plenary and its six Main Committees are allocated agenda items to consider. The items on the UN agenda represent the UN’s priority issues. The main goal of each GA session is to take action on each agenda item that has been allocated to the GA for its consideration. “Considering” an agenda item involves first discussing the item and then adopting one or more resolutions on that item.
According to Article 10 of the UN Charter which defines the Functions and Powers of the GA, “ The General Assembly may discuss any questions or any matters within the scope of the present Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any organs provided for in the present Charter, and,…may make recommendations to the Members of the United Nations or the Security Council or to both on any such questions or matters.” In other words, resolutions adopted by the GA on agenda items are considered to be recommendations and are not legally binding on the Member States. The only resolutions that have the potential to be legally binding are those that are adopted by the Security Council.
Why consensus is important
This explains why Member States consider it so important to adopt a resolution that has the widest possible agreement among Member States. Before taking action on a draft resolution, they spend hours discussing every word in the resolution in the hope of reaching agreement on the text. When consensus on the text is reached all of the Member States agree to adopt the draft resolution without taking a vote. Adopting a draft without a vote is the most basic definition of what consensus means. If 192 Member States agreed on the text but there is just one Member State that requests a vote, then consensus is not reached.
If a GA resolution is not legally binding then the best way to encourage all Member States to implement the recommendations expressed in a resolution is to get all of them to agree on the same text. When a resolution is adopted by a simple majority, those that did not vote in favour of a resolution on a particular agenda item will be less likely to implement the actions on an agenda item that are recommended in a resolution.
When the UN was created in 1945, there were only 51 Member States and resolutions were adopted by a vote. Today, in contrast, there are 193 Member States and roughly 80% of the General Assembly resolutions are adopted by consensus, that is, without taking a vote.
When you adopt resolutions by a vote, you only need to get a simple majority to agree on the text of a resolution. You don’t need to care about or try to understand the perspectives of the minority who disagree. This process is divisive.
When you adopt resolutions by consensus, you have to be concerned about the viewpoint of everyone and engage in negotiations that often result in compromises so that different points of view are taken into consideration. This process is inclusive.
Given the dramatic increase in Member States over time, reaching the widest possible agreement is more vital today than ever. Because the General Assembly’s resolutions are recommendations and not legally binding on Member States, reaching consensus has evolved as a way to ensure the widest possible implementation of GA decisions.
In Model UN simulations, delegates do not even consider implementation and therefore have not learned the value of reaching consensus over voting. Most resolutions at a MUN conference are adopted by a vote. This way of operating is stuck in the past and does not reflect how the UN has changed. Moreover, by valuing voting over reaching consensus, most simulations do not model the negotiation process that is required in order reach consensus. You cannot truly understand the UN as an institution without understanding the decision-making process as it has evolved at the UN since 1945. This guide aims to assist organizers in modifying their simulations of the GA so that it reflects these changes.
More about consensus
As mentioned above, consensus is reached when all Member States have agreed to adopt the text of a draft resolution without taking a vote. However, reaching consensus is not the same thing as being unanimous. It is important to note that consensus does not mean that all Member States agree on every word or even every paragraph in the draft resolution. Member States can agree to adopt a draft resolution without a vote but still have reservations about certain parts of the resolution. The important point is that there is nothing in the resolution that is so disagreeable to any Member State that they feel it must be put to a vote.
When Member States have reservations on elements of a draft resolution that they have agreed to adopt by consensus, those who are not sponsors of the resolution have the opportunity to explain their position either before action is taken or after action is taken on the resolution. When Member States know that their reservations can be included in the public record of a Committee’s deliberations on an agenda item, it sometimes makes it easier to agree to consensus.
Find out more about Model United Nations on UN official website and join us to practice and live the MUN
We are very excited to announce our new global partnership, this time with the Toronto World Leadership Forum 2017 and reunite with world leaders that share the same values with our Rotaract Global Model United Nations international youth conference and International Youth Decision Making Body: youth empowerment, world peace and friendship.
Everything started last year in Rotaract MUN at Change the World New York where many young leaders around the world met and developed a network with global events like World Peace Forum, Luxembourg Peace Prize and Rotaract MUN, events where our members Adrian Dan Pop, Ionut Sabo and Ali Ponte took part last year and this year. From here to Toronto World Leadership Forum was only one little step that happened recently with a partnership that we are glad to be part of.
Don’t miss the chance to be in Toronto on April 2018 and meet amazing guest speakers like Auma Obama, Founder and Director of the Sauti Kuu Foundation (Strong Voices); Brian Tracy, Speaker – Trainer – Bestselling Author; Lisa Longball Vlooswyk, 7-Time Canadian Long Drive Champion, Speaker, Journalist, Golf School Owner and Peak Performance Specialist; Ismael Cala, Author, Lecturer and Communicator; Joseph Sherren, Professional Speaker, Corporate Trainer, Executive Coach and Business Transformation Specialist, Kristin J Arnold, High Stakes Meeting Facilitator, Mainstage Conversationalist and Panel Moderator; Jack Canfield, America’s Leading Authority on Creating Success and Personal Fulfillment; Tina Varughese, Cross-Cultural Communication Expert, Work-Life Balance Advocate; and many amazing delegates from all around the world, leaders of their communities.
The Toronto World Leadership Forum is one of the largest events in leadership and peace, taking place on April 20th and 21st at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, where the topics of Women, Empowerment and Peace will be addressed. The forum will unite powerful international speakers from multiple sectors, in a unique event meant to empower the participants for further professional and personal development, crossing beyond gender gap issues in a globalized economy in order to provide economic and social growth.
One of our most recent Global Partnerships! We believe in building bridges for youths, across the continents. These same bridges are geared towards creating a unique platform, for our youths; to have their voices heard. We are not the future of tomorrow, we are the future of today, and the guardians of our tomorrow! #yesyouthcan